Turning to Keitt, Breckinridge advised him "to invite some of his constituents, before undertaking the war, upon a tour through the North, if only for the purpose of teaching them what an almighty big country they will have to whip before they get through!". In November 1864 he undertook an expedition into Tennessee and won a victory at the Battle of Bull’s Gap. Breckinridge faced a campaign against three old friends: Stephen Douglas, the Democratic candidate; Abraham Lincoln, the Republican; and John Bell of Tennessee, the Constitutional Union party candidate. Lincoln and Breckinridge became friends, despite their differences in party and ideology. The United States Senate formally expelled him as a traitor. Born at "Cabell's Dale," the Breckinridge family estate near Lexington, Kentucky, on January 16, 1821, John Cabell Breckinridge was named for his father and grandfather. Reunited with his family in Toronto, he then embarked on an extended tour of Europe. Continuing on with our examination of the platforms of the political parties in the 1860 election, we come to the platform of the Democrats who refused to support Douglas and nominated Vice-President of the United States John C. Breckinridge for President. When President Lincoln called Congress into special session on July 4, 1861, to raise the arms and men necessary to fight the Civil War, Breckinridge returned to Washington as the leader of what was left of the Senate Democrats. Privately, he told Mrs. Jefferson Davis, "I trust that I have the courage to lead a forlorn hope." But Breckinridge also counted on the support of the last three Democratic presidential candidates, Lewis Cass, Franklin Pierce, and James Buchanan, as well as most of the northern Democratic senators and representatives. Since Breckinridge defended both the Union and slavery, people viewed him as a moderate. The New York native drafted the state’s first constitution in 1777, and was chosen president of the Continental Congress the following year. The only vice president ever to take up arms against the government of the United States, John Cabell Breckinridge completed four years as vice president under James Buchanan, ran for president as the Southern Democratic candidate in 1860, and then returned to the Senate to lead the remnants of the Democratic party for the first congressional session during the Civil War. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (1821–75). Republicans rallied around John C. Frémont, a U.S. senator from California, with William L. Dayton, a former U.S. senator from New Jersey as his running mate. Breckinridge may also have been harboring even greater ambitions. Breckinridge declared himself through with politics: "I no more feel the political excitements that marked the scenes of my former years than if I were an extinct volcano." Content Responsibility   |   The most dramatic moment of the session occurred on August 1, when Senator Breckinridge took the floor to oppose the Lincoln administration's expansion of martial law. He then attended Princeton before returning to Lexington to study law at Transylvania University. John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was an American lawyer and politician. Forced to choose sides, Breckinridge joined his friends in the Confederacy. When the two next encountered each other in the House, Breckinridge looked his adversary in the eye and said: "Cutting, give me a chew of tobacco!" He was from Kentucky.He served in the House from 1851 to 1855. There he might have entered politics and pursued a career relatively free from the divisive issue of slavery, but Iowa's fierce winter gave him influenza and made him homesick for Kentucky. A native of Kentucky, Breckinridge began his political career as a state representative before serving in the U.S. Congress from 1851-1855. The vice president then led a procession to the new chamber. From there he sailed for England. Viewing Breckinridge as part of the Pierce-Douglas faction, Buchanan almost never consulted him, and rarely invited him to the White House for either political or social gatherings. In the presidential election of 1860, the Democratic Party split in two, with Stephen Douglas running for the Northern Democratic Party, and John C. Breckinridge representing the Southern Democratic Party. Although he remained silent about the upcoming presidential campaign, many Democrats considered him a strong contender. John C. Breckinridge: John C. Breckinridge. Date:1860. The Kentucky delegation nominated former House Speaker Linn Boyd for vice president. Subsequently, the Breckinridge family settled in Toronto, Canada. The election was a three-way race among the Democrats under Buchanan, the Republicans under John Charles Frémont, and the Know-Nothings under former President Millard Fillmore. ", On Christmas Day, 1868, departing President Andrew Johnson issued a blanket pardon for all Confederates. He would later play an important role at the Battles of New Market and Cold Harbor before serving as the final Confederate secretary of war in 1865. After participating in the defense of Vicksburg in June 1863, Breckinridge served at the Confederate victory at the Battle of Chickamauga in September. Buchanan won the nomination and election primarily because nobody knew where he stood on the issues, since he had been out of the country for the past three years as minister to England. Breckinridge would remain in exile until 1869, when a presidential pardon allowed him to safely return to the United States. In 1841 he and his law partner Thomas W. Bullock settled in the Mississippi River town of Burlingame, in the Iowa Territory. Breckinridge, "his eyes flashing fire," interrupted Cutting's speech, denied his charges, denounced his language, and demanded an apology. They held their own convention in Baltimore and nominated Breckinridge as their presidential candidate. In his brief life John C. Breckinridge embraced the roles of lawyer, politician, statesman, soldier, exile, and businessman. Citing his wife's poor health and his own precarious finances, Breckinridge returned to Kentucky. Breckinridge ultimately finished third in the popular vote behind Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas. John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was a lawyer, U.S. Representative, U.S. At the upper right Republican Abraham Lincoln prances arm-in-arm with a black woman, a pejorative reference to his party's alignment with the abolitionists. John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier. When the Democratic Party split over the issue in the summer of 1860, Breckinridge emerged as the presidential nominee of the pro-slavery Southern Democrats. During its half century in the chamber, the Senate had grown from thirty-two to sixty-four members. Cutting accused Breckinridge of ingratitude toward the North, where he had raised campaign funds for his tough reelection campaign in 1853. After the special session, Breckinridge returned to Kentucky to try to keep his state neutral. When General Robert E. Lee surrendered his army, President Davis was determined to keep on fighting, but Breckinridge opposed continuing the war as a guerilla campaign. Burdened with her husband's debts, widow Mary Breckinridge and her children moved to her in-laws' home near Lexington, Kentucky, where J… Senator from Kentucky and was the 14th Vice President of the United States (1857–1861), to date the youngest vice president in U.S. history, elected at age 35 and inaugurated at age 36.. When these discussions fell through, Breckinridge helped Jefferson Davismake his way through the Deep South to avoid capture. Viewed as a traitor in the North, Breckinridge travelled to Virginia and offered his services to the Confederacy. When Oregon entered the Union in 1859, he was chosen one of its first senators. Title For President, John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky. Privacy Policy   |   The platform is quite similar to the platform of the Douglas Democrats, including the… As he spoke, Oregon Republican Senator Edward D. Baker entered the chamber, dressed in the blue coat of a Union army colonel. 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