Division 4 includes hybrids derived from North American species, such as L pardalinum, L humboldtii, L kelloggii, and L parryii. This variety boasts apricot-hued petals and can stand up to high temperatures. Some are easier than others and some bloom earlier or later. They are not fussy as long as the flowers are grown in well-draining soil.They are the shortest type of Lily about 2 to 3 feet tall and come in many colors, from pastel to tropical. Give them plenty of water, provide humus rich soil that is acidic, and mulch for a cool root run. These unique blooms are easily recognizable for their curved petals and downward-facing position. This division includes hybrids derived from L longiflorum and L formosanum. They offer a traditional touch to wedding decorations. The catalogs, with their pages and pages of breathtaking pictures and tempting descriptions, are a marvelous confusion of exciting possibilities. Learn about the different varieties of this hardy perennial. They show off best in dappled shade on the edge of woodlands with ferns and other native plants. Division 7 includes hybrids derived from L auratum, L speciosum, L nobilissimum, L rubellum, L alexandrae, and L japonicum. Country Living editors select each product featured. These are the lilies that will give your garden individuality and distinction. Technically speaking, Division 1 lilies are hybrids derived from such species as L. tigrinum, L. cernuum, L. davidii, L. maximowiczii, L.x macultum, L. x hollandicum, L amabile, L. pumilum, L. concolor, and L. bulbiferum. The flowers are ornate, have different shapes and may face in divergent directions. Lilium iridollae. We can’t tell you about each one, but there is a Horticultural Classification that arranges the various types of lilies into broad groups according to parentage, further classified by flower shape. ), these impressive blooms are real showstoppers. The ‘Black Charm’ is known for its intense deep black tone, which is an intense contrast to the classic white lily plants (Liliaceae). Oriental, rubrum, tiger and trumpet lilies as well as Oriental trumpets (orienpets) and Turk's cap lilies and native North American Lilium species are all vulnerable, but the beetle prefers some types over others. Lilies, however, are poisonous to cats and can cause them an upset tummy, kidney failure or death. Lilies of this exotic group are not among the easiest to grow. It's a popular choice for bridal bouquets. While these classifications are important for both true lily connoisseurs and budding growers alike, if we're being honest, we're here for the pretty. African Queen – Trumpet Lilies. Amy Mitchell is the managing editor at Country Living Magazine. The black beauties include, for example, the ‘Black Wizard,’ whose color tone looks like ebony. These L. auratum and L. speciosum hybrids are typically stronger and more resistant than their species parents, and are often more spectacular. With an endless array of cheery colors and shapes, there's a daylily for every garden. May 20, 2016 - Explore Gina Hill's board "Types of Lilies" on Pinterest. Lily plant types can be divided into 9 basic categories, or “divisions.” Division 1 is made up of Asiatic Hybrids. There are many different calla lily types and varieties, with a range of heights between about one and three feet (0.5 to 1 meter), and many choices for brilliant colors: ‘Acapulco Gold’ – For the sunniest yellow calla lily, choose this variety. Lilies are one of the truly great garden plants for their flower forms, diversity, extended season of bloom, graceful stature, and reliable disposition. However, none of these are actually lilies. In the middle states there is L. michiganense, and, in the south, L. grayi, L. michauxii, L. catesbaei and L. iridollae. Lilium catesbaei. When Should You Take Your Christmas Tree Down? Species lilies are wild lilies. Of the nine divisions of classification, Asiatic and Oriental are the most popular with gardeners. Some of the trumpets are pendant like bells on a pagoda; others flare widely in a shallow bowl shape; and still others are upfacing. platyphyllum, the broad-leaved variety of the Gold Band Lily is more vigorous than its cousins; but for sheer bewitching beauty, please try some of the newer strains. Gorgeous golden blooms with tiny black spots in the center were originally developed for growing in pots but can be grown in beds as well. This type of lily is fragrant. Houseplants / Ornamental / Bulbs / / Types of Lilies – Varieties, Facts & Photos. New and exciting lily characteristics are the promise of such lines. Lilies are hardy perennials with elegant, midsummer blooms. More about us. Water lilies have beautiful flowers, and they have a strong fragrance, however, these flowers tend to last up to four days. Deep, saturated shades of orange and purple make this flower a summer garden standout. The bulbs which are made up of little jointed scales are unique while the blooms are like bouncy, bright butterflies on swinging curved pedicels. Moreover, major factors that made us classify lilies into several divisions are flower habitat – up, out or down-facing; and, flower shapes: trumpet-like, bowl-shaped, flat, or recurved. Newer lines involving crossing these new hybrids (e.g. Happily, trumpet hybrids are easy to grow especially the type called Aurelians with their inheritance of hardiness from the rugged species, L. henryi. Lilies are one of the most preferred wedding flowers. Photo source: Gardenia.net. Though it might take them a year to adjust to a new garden, once established, the martagons will thrive for years. Use code: SPRING21. L. henryi is a tightly recurved lily, and when crossed with the trumpets, it is responsible for the flaring of the petals, the wide bowls, sunbursts, and stars. To some people no lily is a real lily unless it is a trumpet! True lilies belong to the genus lilium, but these flowers are so widely hybridized for a variety of shapes, colors, sizes, and patterns that very specific species of lilies can be hard to pin down. Lilies have it all—a rainbow of colorful blooms, interesting shapes and sizes, and intoxicating fragrance (oh, the sweet scents!). In recent years, thanks to new technology and scientific initiative, a number of startling interspecific hybrids have been attained through the use of cut-style pollinations, embryo rescue and other methodologies. If you buy from a link, we may earn a commission. Their "dwarf" characteristics make them a nice choice for the fronts of borders. This bright pink beauty is a choice lily for floral arrangements and also a stunner in the garden. CART MY ACCOUNT HELP *FREE SHIPPING on orders over $50. Some need full sun while others prefer a bit of shade. Blooms may show mixtures of striping, freckles, or blotching. Lilies are classified in the genus Lilium and there are 90 species within this group. Along with the earliest of the asiatics, blooms another entirely different group called the martagons, or martagons hansonii hybrids. True lilies belong to the genus Lilium and grow from plump, scaly bulbs. These are tall lilies with many little down-facing flowers and whorled leaves. The lily has such a shining reputation in the gardening world that other flowers tend to borrow its name to boost their standing. Moreover, their flowers were offered to gods to appease them. Division 3: Candidum Hybrids. Once you start digging into the wide world of lilies and lily care, you'll learn all sorts of interesting and useful facts: Some 'lilies' aren't really lilies at all (we're looking at you callas, waterlilies, and daylilies—you sure had us fooled). So let’s look at them according to the classification system into which they have been placed. You might try them in time. The lily is the 30th anniversary flower, which is fitting because it means devotion. It is white with golden-yellow markings. (Attention brides: Snip off the pollen to avoid dress stains!). Lilies are almost a synonym for the beauty of garden flowers. Stargazers are one of the most popular, sensational, and mainstream lilies out there. Types of Peace Lilies. Lilium kelleyanum. Daylilies, calla lilies, water lilies, and lily of the valley are just a few of the dozens of “lilies” you may have heard of. Ahhh, lilies. OTLA) mean that the future will bring even more variety, beauty, health, hardiness and disease resistance. Plant in front of climbing roses and against evergreens or next to the patio. This variety boasts apricot-hued petals and can stand up to high temperatures. How to identify true lilies is simple—they grow from bulbs and have six petals and six anthers (the part of the flower that carries the pollen). Lilies like to eat fertilizers in a heavy amount. These perennial flowers are a garden favorite for their showy colors and easy maintenance. Country Living participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. Ben & Erin Napier Talk 'Home Town' Season 5, 93 Best Easy Low-Carb Recipes With Tons of Flavor, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. Most of such crosses on the market have larger flowers, a very slight fragrance and hardiness. Trumpets and Aurelians are very easily grown from seed too. There are many lilies native to North America. It's a solid... 3 Stargazer Lily. 2 African Queen Lily. All species of lilies fall into one of nine hybrid divisions, including Asiatic, American, Oriental, and more. Tropical, graceful and easy to grow, peace lilies (Spathiphyllum sp.) Plus, they hold their own when planted with other best perennial flowers and plants, best flowers that bloom in summer, and other best flowers you should have in your garden. Only those plants officially categorized in the Lilium genus may rightly call themselves lilies. Some common names for lilies include the Easter lily, Japanese lily, Tiger lily, Canada lily, Michigan lily, Wood lily and Orange lily. Typically, these flowers don’t have fragrance and hang downwards or face outwards. Pro tip: If you bring your lilies indoors, remove the anthers to prevent pollen from falling and staining, because it will! American Hybrids bloom about the end of June and early July although if they are planted south of Philadelphia they will bloom in late May to mid-June. Types of Lilies: A Visual Guide. Typical flower colors include plum, red, pink, white, yellow, orange, and lavender. They are usually 3 to 4 feet tall and produce unscented flowers in almost every color imaginable. This cheerful two-toned flower is a nice bridge between white and pink blooms in a garden bed. The most popular kinds of lilies are hybrids in the Oriental, Asiatic, and Trumpet lily divisions. Anastasia – Orienpet Lilies. Trumpet lilies gradually blend into Aurelians as the season progresses. Arabian Knight – Martagon Lily. Lilies are very fragrant and are often used in perfumes. However, neither the calla lily (Zantedeschia spp.) OT hybrids can be outstandingly beautiful, robust and durable, such as ‘Black Beauty’ through to the currently popular ‘Leslie Woodriff,’ ‘Scheherazade’ and ‘Starburst Sensation.’. Lily Facts. Experiment with other lily genus that are just as delightful as true lilies, and with time you’ll be … Species lilies oftentimes possess a delicate charm that appeals to many people, and many of the species make fine garden plants, while others are a real challenge to grow. These species of plants are great for having in ponds, as they give fish much-needed shade, while also serving as a shelter to hide from predators. Feature them amongst drifts of summery annuals combined with phlox and meadow rue, delphinium and platycodon. In the east there are L. canadense, L. superbum and L. philadelphicum. Lilies come in many different shapes but they all thrive in full sun to partial shade. 40 Types of Lilies with Pictures. For good bloom, you need to give slow releasing fertilizers to all types of lilies. Asiatic lilies showcase beautiful, large flowers, approximately 4-6 inches over the 2-5 feet tall stems. 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